【ケンブリッジ英検FCE】Writing対策ーEssayを攻略しよう(実践編3)

では実践3を進めていきましょう。
以下が問題です。

In your English class, you have recently had a discussion about relationships. Now your teacher has asked you to write an essay.

Write an essay using all the notes and give reasons for your point of view.

Is it better to live alone or with someone else?

Notes

Write about: 
1. independence
2. money
3. ________ (your own idea)

Write your essay in 140-190 words in an appropriate style.

今回は「一人暮らしのか誰かと住むのはどちららが良いか」という比較的簡単なテーマですね。2段落目と3段落目は「独立していること」、「お金(この場合は生活費)」について書かなければいけません。4段落目は自分のアイデアなので今回は「シェアハウスならルームメイトが色々助けてくれる」という点を主張したいと思います。

ではまず第1段落からですね。前回と同様言い換えに重点をおいて書いていこうと思います。
Nowadays, Some people are eager to live alone and have their own room or house, where they feel independent from their parents or siblings, while others think living with someone else have more advantages because they can save a lot of money.としてみました。
では解答を見てみましょう。
Nowadays more and more people are deciding to live by themselves. Some people claim this is more enjoyable and in young people it develops a sense of responsibility, whereas others disagree.
やはりテンプレートのsome, otherを使ってますね笑。live aloneはlive by themselvesとなり、independentについてはit develops a sense of responsibilitiesと言い換えています。

では第2段落を進めていきましょう。この段落では「独立」について述べます。
On the one hand, living alone have some advantages. They are independent from their family or roommate, so they don’t need to care about them. Moreover, they can do what they want to do, so they can improve time management skills.としてみました。
解答はというと
The main advantage of living alone is that there is nobody to tell you what to do, so you can live your life in your own way. What is more, you can organise or decorate your house as you want. There is no one else to disagree with.
解答では利点を主語にしています。be independentの部分はThere is nobody to tell what to doとうまく言い換えてあります。ちなみにin one’s own wayは自己流で、自分らしく、という意味です。後as you wantは「好きなように」という意味で便利な表現なので覚えておきましょう。

では第3段落にいきます。ここではmoneyに言及しなければいけません。
On the other hand, the advantage of living with someone else is that you can save money. If you share a room or a house with your friend, you can separate the price of it.としてみました。
では解答を見てみましょう。
On the other hand, it can be quite lonely for some people. By nature, we are social animals. Secondly, it is more expensive because you have to pay all the rent and bills yourself, so you have less money to enjoy yourself. Last but not least, it can be quite hard to find a nice flat for one person, so you might not be able to live in the best area.
解答では3段落目に3つ目のアイデアを述べていますね。last but not least後のbe quite hard to find a nice flat for one personが3つ目のアイデアです。

解答は出てしまいましたが一応4段落目も答えてみます。
An another advantage of living with someone else is that they may help you when you are in trouble. Generally speaking, it is easier to ask for roommate’s advice than ask for neighbors.

では最後の段落を進めていきましょう。
To sum up, it is true that there is some advantages of living alone, but it seems to me that living with someone else had more advantages.
答えも見てみましょう。
To sum up, there are strong arguments on both sides. In conclusion, I believe that living alone is better for older people who have more money and like privacy but not for young people who need to share the costs.
なるほど。3段落目の「お金」に言及して大人と若者の対比としているわけですね。

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