【ケンブリッジ英検FCE】Writing対策ーEssayを攻略しよう(実践編3)

では実践編4を進めていきましょう。以下が問題です。

In your English class you have been talking about happiness. Now your English teacher has asked you to write an essay.

Write an essay using all the notes and give reasons for your point of view.

Whether you are happy or not depends on the personality you are born with. Do you agree?

Notes

Write about: 
1. money
2. health
3. ________ (your own idea)

Write your essay in 140-190 words in an appropriate style.

今回は「幸せかどうかは生まれ持った性格によるものによるもの」について賛成かどうかについて議論します。2段落目と3段落目はそれぞれ「金」と「健康」に言及し、4段落目は自分で考えなくてはいけません。今回は「友達や恋人の有無」としました。

では第1段落から始めていきましょう。
Once in a while, it is said that your personality influence with whether you feel happiness or not. However, there is a strong argument that money or health also affect it.
では解答を見てみましょう。
Some people claim they are naturally cheerful. However, in my view, how we lead our lives is the main reason we are either happy or unhappy.
全体的な構造は同じですね。

では第2段落です。
It is frequently said that one way in which make you feel happy is to be rich. If you are rich, you can literally do whatever you want to do or buy no matter what you want. 
解答を見てみましょう。
Take money, for example. Money doesn’t automatically make us happy. In fact, it makes some people very unhappy because they are frightened of losing what they’ve got. On the other hand, if we’re not greedy and don’t spend it foolishly, it can reduce stress and give us security.
なるほど。両方の視点に立って意見しているのですね。「金は必ずしも幸せにはしない」をMoney doesn’t automatically make us happy.と表現しています。さらに「金があれば幸せになる」はit can reduce stress and give us security.と表現しています。

第3段落に入ります。
There is also an argument that being healthy make you feel happy. Given that you play some sport or take some exam, you can get better results if you are in good condition than being ill.
では解答を見てみましょう。
Then consider health. If we eat badly, get too little sleep and don’t exercise, our health will decline and make us miserable. Eating well and going for lovely long walks in the countryside can make us feel better generally.
「不健康」は具体化してeating badly, get too little sleep and don’t exercise.としています。逆に「健康」はeating well and going for lovely long walksとしています。

では第4段落に入ります。
Moreover, having a girlfriend, a boyfriend or close affect whether you feel happy or not. When you feel depressed or you are in trouble, you can ask for advice and they can help you. What’s more, you can share happiness and vice versa.
では答えを見てみましょう。
The third thing I think is important is to have a positive outlook on life. We should all enjoy things like music and being with our friends. At the same time, it’s important to spend time alone and live as simply as possible, which is not easy in the 21st century!
解答では「人生についてポジティブにとらえる」としています。

では最終段落です。
To sum up, certainly, the personality you are born with may influence with whether you feel happy or not, but, from my point of view, a lot of other factors affect it.
答えを見てみましょう。
All these make a big difference to our happiness, no matter what our natural temperament.
解答ではthe personalities you are born with をnatural temperamentとしています。「生まれ持った気質、性格」という意味ですね。

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